This tool is part of the Citrus Resource

Citrus ID

 

Berna Sweet Orange

 

Synonyms

 

Alberola, Bedmar, Berna Peret, Bernia, Verda, Verna de Orihuela, Verna, Vernia Peret, Vernia (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Sweet Orange Group] (sensu Mabberley 1997, Bayer et al. 2009); Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes under Vernia (clone DPI-441-15): "This clonal parent selection originated on the property of Orie Lee in St. Cloud from seed collected from the Coca Cola variety planting at Indiantown. Origin: Spain."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length medium, wings narrow, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat or weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Leaflets sweetly orange-like when crushed. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad; rind yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture slightly rough (4-5); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh orange; taste acidic-sweet.

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes under synonymous Vernia (clone DPI-441-15): "Description: Fruit medium-small, egg shaped, well colored, very prolific, fruit holds well, inclined to produce off bloom fruit, smaller than Valencia. Season: Late, several weeks earlier than Valencia."

Notes

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes under Vernia (clone DPI-441-15): "Matures earlier than the typical Valencia. It has excellent juice color, flavor and quality."

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
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