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Citrus ID

 

Bouquet

 

Synonyms

 

Bouquet de Fleurs, Bouquetier à Fruits Durs, Bouquetier à Gros Fruits, Bouquetier à Peau Épaisse (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Sour Orange Group] (sensu Mabberley 2004, Bayer et al. 2009); Citrus aurantium L. (sensu Hogdson 1967; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone DPI-438-18) "Received from the CREC in 1981. Bouquet de Fleurs, considered to be the old Bigaradier Riche Depouille from France."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig striate; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short or medium, wings absent, if present, narrow, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin crenate/crenulate or bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets spicy or peppery. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad; rind yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture smooth (1-3) or slightly rough (4-5); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh orange; taste sour.

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar: "This heavy-flowering variety constitutes an attractive ornamental in California, lending itself especially well to use as a hedge plant. In California, it is characterized by small tree size with a spreading top consisting of thornless branchlets with short internodes (brachytic in nature) and dense clustered foliage. The leaves are small, oval, and round or blunt-pointed with short wingless petioles. The fruits are small, somewhat oblate, moderately pebbled and well-colored, with medium-thick rind, solid axis, and few seeds. Chapot (1964) considers this to be the old most Bigaradier Riche Dépouille of Risso and Poiteau (1818). "

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar (clone DPI-438-18): "Description: Fruit small, well colored, acidic, few seeds, dense clustered foliage, leaves small, oval, blunt pointed, flowers used in perfume industry. Ornamental."

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Chapot, H 1964. Les bigaradiers bouquetiers. Premiere Partie. Al Awamia [Rabat] 10: 55–95.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Hodgson, R.W. 1967. Horticultural varieties of Citrus. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry, rev. University of California Press. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter4.html.

Mabberley, D.J. 2004. Citrus (Rutaceae): A review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. Blumea 49: 481–498.

Risso, J.A. and A. Poiteau. 1818-22. Histoire naturelle des orangers. Audot, Paris. 280 pp.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez or NCBI Nucleotide

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
idtools.org