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Citrus ID

 

Buddha's Hand

 

Synonyms

 

Blishukan, Buddha’s Fingers, Budhova Ruka, Cây Phât Thu, Dactylifera, DigitÞ, Djerook Tangan, Fingered, Fo Shoul Gan, Fo Shou Kan, Fo Shou Pian, Fo Shou P’ien, Fo Shou, Fu Shou, Main de Boudah, Phat Tu, Som-mu (sec. Cottin 2002); Citrus sarcodactylis Hoola van Nooten (sec. Swingle and Reece 1967)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus medica L.(sec. Mabberley 2004; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002); Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis (Hoola van Nooten) Swingle (sec. Swingle and Reece 1967)

Origin

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone F-8-7): "Received 2 fruit from Adams Citrus Nursery in 1977, seed extracted and one seedling planted at Arboretum 8-7. The current clone is seedling from Arboretum 8-7."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns straight, prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short, wings absent. Leaflets one, margins crenate/crenulate, bluntly toothed or serrate/serrulate, shade leaflet blades weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets freshly lemon-like. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad; rind green-yellow (6), yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), or orange (12); rind texture medium rough (6-7); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh yellow; taste sour.

Swingle and Reece (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar: "Like the species except in the fruit, which is split into a number of finger-like sections. Usually pulp is lacking, or if present is very scanty."

Notes

 

Swingle and Reece (1967) additionally noted that: "The fingered citron is well known and highly esteemed for its fragrance and beauty in China and Japan, where it is called "Buddha's Hand Citron" (Fo Shou kan in Chinese, Bushu-kan in Japanese). It is used by Chinese and Japanese for perfuming rooms and clothing. It is also grown as a dwarf plant, of which good fruiting specimens are highly prized for ornamental purposes."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone F-8-7): "Fruit fingered, also known as the fingered citron. Fruit very fragrant. The trees are very cold sensitive."

References

 

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Mabberley, D.J. 2004. Citrus (Rutaceae): A review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. Blumea 49: 481–498.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez or NCBI Nucleotide

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
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