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Citrus ID

 

Cravo

 

Synonyms

 

Laranja Cravo (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus reticulata Blanco (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967, Mabberley 1997, Bayer et al. 2009; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

Hodgson (1967) noted that: "The origin and history of this interesting variety are not known. While it may be of local origin, the possibility exists that it was introduced from Portugal, since the descriptions of Cravo and Carvalhais correspond fairly well."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent. Prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length medium; wings narrow, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat or weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets mandarin-like. Fruit broader than long; rind yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture slightly rough (4-5) or medium rough (6-7); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh orange; taste acidic-sweet.

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar:

"Fruit medium to medium-large, slightly oblate or broadly obovate to subglobose, with moderately rough, rather loosely adherent rind of medium thickness and deep orange color. Segments about 10, loosely adherent; axis large and hollow. Flesh color deep orange; tender and melting; very juicy; flavor mild. Seeds few to medium in number and cotyledons light green. Very early maturity (in advance of Clementine). Retains quality exceptionally well when stored on tree and puffs very little.

Tree vigorous and large, upright in growth habit, but spreading under weight of crop; typical broadly lanceolate mandarin leaves. Considerable tendency to alternate bearing with heavy crop of smaller fruit followed by a smaller crop of larger fruit."

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
idtools.org