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Citrus ID

 

Ellendale

 

Synonyms

 

Ellendale Beauty, Ellendale Leng, Fagan, Fagans, Grant, Hearne, Leng Ellendale, Savio, Super Malvasio (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Tangor Group] [=Citrus reticulata Blanco X Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Sweet Orange Group]] (sensu Mabberley 1997, 2004); Citrus reticulata Blanco x Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

Hodgson (1967) provided the following notes on the cultivar: "This Australian variety is reported (Bowman 1956) to have originated about 1878 as a seedling on the Ellendale property of E. A. Burgess at Burrum, Queensland, but did not come into prominence until much more recently. Both Bowman (1956) and R. J. Benton, former government citrus specialist in New South Wales, consider it to be a natural tangor and the latter has called attention to similarities with the Temple variety as he saw it in Florida. It is sometimes incorrectly called Fagan or Grant."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short or medium; wings absent. Leaflets one, margin entire or crenate/crenulate, shade leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets mandarin-like. Fruit broader than long; rind yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture slightly rough (4-5); navel absent; flesh orange; taste acidic-sweet.

 

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar:

 

"Fruit medium large to large, oblate to subglobose; base rounded or short-necked; apex flat or slightly depressed; small navel frequent. Rind medium-thin, smooth to faintly pebbled; relatively adherent though peelable at maturity; color orange-red. Segments 10 to 12, readily separable; axis solid to semi-hollow. Flesh bright orange-colored; very juicy; flavor rich and pleasantly subacid. Moderately seedy with white cotyledons, and strongly monoembryonic. Late midseason in maturity. Loses quality rapidly if left on tree much past maturity, especially on rough lemon rootstock, but stores well.

 

Tree of medium vigor, spreading, round-topped, thornless, and productive. Cold-resistant but subject to breakage because of weak crotches."

References

 

Bowman, F.T. 1956. Citrus growing in Australia. Halstead Press, Sydney, New South Wales. 311 pp.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Mabberley, D.J. 2004. Citrus (Rutaceae): A review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. Blumea 49: 481–498.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
idtools.org