This tool is part of the Citrus Resource

Citrus ID

 

Hirado

 

Synonyms

 

Hirado Buntan (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. (sensu Mabberley 1997, Bayer et al. 2009; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002); Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967)

Origin

 

Hodgson (1967) noted that: "This variety originated as a chance seedling in Nagasaki Prefecture of Japan, was named and introduced about 1910, and is currently second in importance there."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone DPI-833-65): " This Hirado Buntan selection originated from a seedling tree."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface pubescent; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole pubescent, length medium; wings medium or wide, adjoining the blade or tucking beneath blade. Leaflets one, margin entire, shade leaflet blades weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly conduplicate. Leaflets not scented when crushed. Fruit broader than long, as broad as long, or longer than broad; rind green-yellow (6), yellow (7-10), or yellow-orange (11); rind texture smooth (1-3) or slightly rough (4-5); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh red/purplish-tinged or yellow; taste grapefruit-like.

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar:

"Fruit large, oblate, slightly depressed at both ends; seedy. Color bright yellow when mature. Rind medium thick; surface smooth and glossy; tightly adherent. Segments numerous and carpellary membranes thin but tough. Flesh light greenish-yellow; tender and moderately juicy; flavor a pleasant blend of sugar and acid with trace of bitterness. Medium-early in maturity but stores well.

Tree vigorous, medium-large; leaves large, thick, and broadly winged. More cold-resistant than most pummelos."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar (clone DPI-833-65): "Fruit is pink fleshed, of very large size, round to oblate shape. Good sweet flavor and juicy. Season is November- March. Tree is alternate bearing."

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2009. 2009 Annual report July 1, 2008 - June 30, 2009. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Hodgson, R.W. 1967. Horticultural varieties of Citrus. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry, rev. University of California Press. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter4.html.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
idtools.org