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Citrus ID


Mandarins (Other)




Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous, rarely pubescent; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent or straight; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, rarely pubescent, length short or medium; wings absent, if present, narrow or medium, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin entire, crenate/crenulate or bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat or weakly or strongly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades flat, weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets mandarin-like, rarely sweetly orange-like. Fruit broader than long, as broad as long, or longer than broad; rind green-yellow (6), yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture smooth (1-3), slightly rough (4-5), medium rough (6-7), or rough (8); firmness leathery; navel absent, rarely present; flesh orange, rarely yellow; taste acidic-sweet, rarely sour.

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the group:

"As might be expected, this group is quite varied and exhibits a wide range in both tree and fruit characters....some of the varieties...are "tightskin" mandarins. Although peelable, their rinds are much more tightly adherent than the "looseskin" mandarins and "puff" very little—if at all. In addition, they usually have more solid axes."



Hodgson, R.W. 1967. Horticultural varieties of Citrus. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry, rev. University of California Press.



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Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011