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Citrus ID

 

Ortanique

 

Synonyms

 

Artounik, Australique, Mandor, Mandora, Orantanique, Ormanda, Ortaline, Tambor, Topaz, Uruline, Urunique, Villa Late (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Tangor Group] [=Citrus reticulata Blanco X Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Sweet Orange Group]] (sensu Mabberley 1997, 2004); Citrus reticulata Blanco x Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

Hodgson (1967) noted that:

"The origin of this attractive and promising variety is unknown, but Ortanique is reported (Anonymous 1963) to be an old chance seedling that came to the attention of C. P. Jackson of Chellaston, Mandeville, Jamaica, in 1920. He is said to have grown 130 seedlings from it, of which about 40 per cent resembled the parent fruits, and to have selected those which he considered best.

Because of the presence of wild orange and so-called tangerine trees in the vicinity of the original tree and the distinctive features of the fruit, it was considered to be a natural tangor and was given the name Ortanique by H. H. Cousins, a former Director of Agriculture. The name was a synthesis coined from or(ange), tan(gerine), and (un)ique. The present clone probably represents a nucellar seedling of the parent tree."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone F-24-26): "A seedling introduction from Jamaica, a natural tangor."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short or medium; wings narrow, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin entire (by misinterpretation), crenate/crenulate or bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat or weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets mandarin-like. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad; rind yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture slightly rough (4-5); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh orange; taste acidic-sweet.

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar:

"Fruit large (very large for mandarin), very broadly obovoid to slightly oblate to almost subglobose; base evenly rounded or tapering to low, shallowly furrowed neck or collar; apex flattened or with shallow depression and sometimes with small protruding navel; areole evident though not prominent. Rind thin, leathery, rather tightly adherent but peelable; surface smooth but finely pitted, glossy; color bright yellowish-orange at maturity. Segments 10 to 12; axis solid to semi-open. Flesh orange-colored; juicy; flavor rich and distinctive. Seeds average about 10, plump, with white cotyledons, and polyembryonic. Late midseason in maturity and holds well on tree.

Tree moderately vigorous, medium-large, spreading and drooping, almost thornless, with slender branchlets; dense foliage consists of medium-sized leaves with narrowly winged petioles."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (F-24-26): "Seedy (approximately 10), large fruit resembling Temple, less seeds than Temple; smoother, more juice and more flattened in shape than Temple, trademark transferred to Callery-Judge Grove. Blossom end of fruit has faint areolar ring. Season is late midseason holding well on the tree through February. Rind color and flesh is orange."

Notes

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone F-24-26): "Tree and fruit not affected by citrus scab. Vigorous tree with good cold tolerance."

References

 

Anonymous. 1963. Ortaniques. Jamaica Citrus Growers Association, Ltd. 3 pp.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Hodgson, R.W. 1967. Horticultural varieties of Citrus. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry, rev. University of California Press. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter4.html.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Mabberley, D.J. 2004. Citrus (Rutaceae): A review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. Blumea 49: 481–498.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
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