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Citrus ID

 

Spanish Sanguinelli

 

Synonyms

 

Allota, Blutoval, Lsène Asfour, Sanguinella Negra, Sanguinella, Sanguinelli (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Blood Orange Group] (sensu Mabberley 1997, Bayer et al. 2009); Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

Hodgson (1967) noted that:

"Spanish Sanguinelli is the preferred name to distinguish this new variety from the Italian light blood group (singular sanguinella, plural sanguinelli ).

The variety originated as a limb sport of Doblefina which came to light about 1950. Its market reception has been excellent and it seems destined to replace the parent variety and most other Spanish blood oranges."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes under synonymous Sanguinelli (clone DPI-817-17): "Budwood collected from the USDA in 1978. One of the more consistent blood oranges for central Florida. Origin: Spain."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface striate; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short; wings narrow, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin entire or bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat or weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets sweetly orange-like. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad; rind yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture slightly rough (4-5); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh orange or red/purplish-tinged; taste acidic-sweet.

Hodgson (1967) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar:

"Fruit said to be similar to Doblefina, but larger, seedier, and often asymmetrical; persistent style; blood coloration of both rind and flesh much more intense and constant. External red pigmentation rarely equalled by other blood oranges and excelled by none, making the fruit most attractive. Reported to hold on tree longer than Doblefina and to store and ship fully as well or better. Late midseason in maturity. Intensity of external pigmentation and purplish-red color of the chalazal spot (Chapot, 1963) place this variety in the deep blood group.

Tree small to medium, spineless; foliage light green; productive."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes under synonymous Sanguinelli (clone DPI-817-17): "Description: Small to medium fruit, needs chilling to show blood, blood flecks scattered throughout. Season: Midseason"

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Chapot, H. 1963. Quelques oranges sanguines. Cahiers de la Recherche Agronomique [Rabat] 18: 61–87.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Hodgson, R.W. 1967. Horticultural varieties of Citrus. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry, rev. University of California Press. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter4.html.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
idtools.org