This tool is part of the Citrus Resource

Citrus ID

 

Valencia

 

Synonyms

 

Addo, Alco, Argentina, Azusa, Balensi, Barenshia, Berri, Berry, Biennal, Broedershoek, Buris, Californian, Chapman, Coarse, Cotidiana, Dell's Special, Deverano, Double Rind, Excelsior, Faurie, Fuzzy, Geisha, Hart's Late, Hart's Tardiff, Harwood, Hillside, Indian River, Indian, Jaffa Late, Karino, Klingenburg, Knoll, Kroondal, Late, Margaret, Maroc Late, McClean, Mohn, Mouton, Nartia, Pindapoy, Puka, Raubenheimer, Rivers Late, Rocky Hill, Rubidge, Saft, Sifi, Soccer, Steelport, Stiemie, Sunkist, Theron, Valencia Late, Winter (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Sweet Orange Group] (sensu Mabberley 1997, Bayer et al. 2009); Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967; sensu Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone F-55-23): "The Valencia “55 series” are DPI nucellar lines. These selections are young nucellar lines from seedlings of fruit collected from the Hughes grove in Orange County....Fruit production has been slightly better than the Hughes selections and significantly better than the old lines. Similar to F-55-4, F-55-1, and S-F-55-28. Originally assigned SPB-5A, planted in I-4 Foundation Grove in 1961."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone SPB-1-14-19): "This Valencia is a Hughes nucellar line, entered budwood program in 1955. These SPB-1 trees are the first selections from open pollinated Valencia seedlings in a grove planted by Dr. and Mrs. Ausker Hughes near Plymouth in Orange County in 1941....Similar to SPB-1-14-31, and SPB-1-12-7."

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First-year twig surface glabrous; second- or third-year twig surface; thorns absent or not persistent; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short; wings narrow, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat or weakly conduplicate, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Scent of crushed leaflets sweetly orange-like. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad, rind yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), orange (12), or red-orange (13); rind texture slightly rough (4-5); firmness leathery; navel absent; flesh orange; taste acidic-sweet.

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar (clone F-55-23): "Fruit characteristics are typical of Valencia oranges. Trees are a little more vigorous than old line and Hughes nucellar selections."

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following additional notes on the cultivar (clone SPB-1-14-19): "The nucellar characteristics made them more cold hardy than the old line selections. Fruit production is better than the old-line selections."

Notes

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone SPB-1-14-19): "They have become the most popular Valencia selections in Florida."

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Hodgson, R.W. 1967. Horticultural varieties of Citrus. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry, rev. University of California Press. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter4.html.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NCBI Entrez, NCBI Nucleotide, or NCBI Expressed Sequence Tags

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection (Valencia Late)

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
idtools.org