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Citrus Diseases


Citrus chlorotic dwarf virus (CCDV)


Scientific name


[possible viral aetiology] Citrus chlorotic dwarf virus (CCDV).

Other common names


Citrus chlorotic dwarf, citrus chlorotic dwarf disease (CCDD).

Disease cycle


Vectored by bayberry whitefly (Parabemisia myricae (Kuwana)). It is transmissible by grafting on infected buds, slash inoculation from extracts of infected leaves and bark in phosphate buffer.



Field symptoms consist of chlorotic flecking on young leaves, warping, crinkling, inverted cupping, spoon-shaping and variegation on leaves. Strong chlorosis and dwarfing of leaves are also observed. Grapefruit, lemon, mandarin and sour orange develop more severe symptoms than sweet orange. Diagnosis is made by grafting on rough lemon and Citrus macrophylla preferably in warm conditions

Host range


All citrus cultivars are susceptible.



Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey

Easily confused with


Citrus variegation virus (CVV), satsuma dwarf virus (SDV), citrus leaf rugose virus (CLRV), and citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CYVCV).


Citrus Diseases
March, 2013