This family was only recently discovered and has been collected primarily in Berlese funnels. It seems to be most closely related to the Ortheziidae and is thought to be adapted to semiaquatic habitats. Carayonemidae Richard was first used as a family by Richard (1986).
Carayonemids are known from the Neotropical area only where there are 4 monotypic genera. Find a list of species from the Neotropical region.
This unusual group of scales has primarily been collected using Berlese funnels and resides in leaf litter and mossy areas.
Nothing is known about the biology of these insects although 1 species has 4 instars in the female.