Family

Pseudococcidae

Catalog

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Common name

Annona mealybug

Field characters

Body oval or rotund; gray or gray-orange; legs yellowish brown; body covered by flocculent white mealy wax, without bare areas on dorsum; dorsal ovisac absent, a few filamentous strands on venter; with 17 pairs of conspicuous lateral wax filaments, often slightly curved, posterior pairs longest, one-third to one-half as long as body, anterior filaments shorter than posterior pairs. Primarily occurring on above ground parts of host. Ovoviviparous.

Validation characters

Discoidal pores near eye; dorsomedial setae on segment VIII about same length as those on segments VI and VII; abdominal cerarii anterior of anal-lobe pair, usually with more than 2 conical setae; ventral multiloculars normally confined to posterior 3 abdominal segments; ventral oral collars absent from laterad of anterior coxa; 17 pairs of cerarii; translucent pores on hind femur and tibia.

Comparison

Dysmicoccus neobrevipes is most similar to D. brevipes by having discoidal pores near the eyes, ventral multiloculars normally restricted to segments VI, VII, and VIII, translucent pores on hind femur and tibia, and no ventral oral collars laterad of front coxae. Dysmicoccus brevipes differs by having dorsal setae on dorsomedial area of segment VIII conspicuously longer than those on segments VII and VI.

U.S. quarantine notes

This species was intercepted 3,604 times on a variety of hosts at U. S. ports-of-entry between 1995 and 2012, with specimens originating from American Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Australia, Bangladesh, Barbados, The British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,Greece, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, The Philippines, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, Tahiti, Taiwan, Thailand, Tortola, Trinidad and Tobago, The U.S. Virgin Islands, and Vietnam. We also have examined specimens taken in quarantine from Australia (Punica); Bahamas (Agave); China (Ananas, Mangifera); Colombia (Musa); Costa Rica (Aralia, Heliconia, Musa); Dominican Republic (Ananas, Annona, Musa, Punica, Yucca); Ecuador (Musa); Guam (Annona, Zingiber); Guatemala (Musa); Haiti (Annona, Artocarpus, Cucurbita, Hibiscus, Punica, Yucca); Hawaii (banyan tree); Honduras (Agave, Ananas, Yucca); India (Musa); Hong Kong (Annona); Indonesia (Annona, Garcinia); Jamaica (Annona, Artocarpus, Brassavola, Citrus, Codiaeum, Dioscorea, Melicoccus, Punica); Mexico (Ananas, Calocarpum, Citrus, Cocos, Coroupita, Diospyros, Musa, Psidium); Myanmar (Annona); Pakistan (Nephelium); Panama (Heliconia, Philodendron); The Philippines (Agave, Aglaeonema, Ananas, Annona, Artocarpus, Cacao, Calocarpum, cauliflower, Colocasia, Cucurbita, Lansium, Mangifera, Manilkara, Momordica, Musa, Mussaenda, orchid, Pandanus, Psidium, Syzygium, Tamarindus); Saipan (Musa); Samoa (Alpinia, Carica, Musa); St. Croix (USVI) (Musa); Taiwan (Garcinia, Polianthes); Thailand (Eugenia, Nephelium, Pandanus); Tortola (BVI)( Annona); Trinidad and Tobago (Anonna); Vietnam (Annona, Chrysophyllum, Durio, Musa). It has been taken from all zoogeographic regions on a wide diversity of hosts. ScaleNet lists the species from more than 40 families of host plants. It is commonly intercepted from southern Asia, particularly The Philippines, on a diversity of tropical fruits, and from many areas in South America on agave and tropical fruits. Several species of Dysmicoccus other than D. boninsis (Kuwana), D. brevipes (Cockerell), D. grassii (Leonardi), D. lepelleyi (Betrem), D. mackenziei Beardsley, D. neobrevipes, D. orchidum Williams, D. sylvarum Williams & Granara de Willink, D. wistariae Green and Dysmicoccus sp. nr. texensis have been taken in quarantine including: D. amnicola Williams & Watson (The Philippines, on Pandanus); D. finitimus Williams (Taiwan, on Cocos); D. hambletoni Williams and Granara de Willink (Ecuador, on Xanthosoma); D. hypogaeus Williams (Australia, on Chamelaucium and Leucospermum); D. joannesiae Costa Lima (Ecuador, on Inga); D. lansii Williams (The Philippines, on Lansium); D. probrevipes (Morrison)(Central and South America, on Coffea, Cordia, and Triplaris); D. queenslandianus Williams (Australia, on Allocasuarina); and D. viatorius Williams (The Philippines, on Lansium, Nephelium).

Important references

Beards1959a; WilliaWa1988a; WilliaGr1992; Willia2004.

All references mentioned

Dysmicoccus neobrevipes