Family

Pseudococcidae

Catalog

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Field characters

No information available.

Validation characters

Oral-rim tubular ducts restricted to venter, on dorsum replaced by oral-collar tubular ducts with a narrow rim located on submargin; multilocular pores normally restricted to segment VIII and numbering 3-5 pores, rarely with 1 on segment VII; dorsal setae elongate, mostly more than 100μ long; vulva saccate, with 4 ducts; translucent pores present on hind femur and tibia; oral-collar tubular ducts usually absent laterad of anterior spiracle; 17 pairs of cerarii with auxiliary setae.

Comparison

Pseudococcus philippinicus is similar to P. trukensis Beardsley by having multilocular pores restricted to abdominal segment VIII, translucent pores on hind femur and tibia, vulva saccate, 17 pairs of cerarii. Pseudococcus philippinicus can be distinguished (characters of P. trukensis are in parentheses) by lacking dorsal oral rims (present), having much longer dorsal setae (short), and having many ventral oral rims near body margin of thorax and abdomen (few or absent).

U.S. quarantine notes

This species was intercepted at U. S. ports-of-entry 5 times between 1995 and 2012, with specimens originating from The Philippines and Thailand. We also have examined specimens taken in quarantine from The Philippines (Garcinia, Lansium, Melicoccus). ScaleNet lists hosts in Agavaceae, Clusiaceae, Meliaceae and Sapindaceae. It is most commonly intercepted on mangosteen (Garcinia, Clusiaceae) and rambutan (Nephelium, Sapindaceae-Soapberry family). ScaleNet distribution records for P. philippinicus include China and The Philippines only. Several species of Pseudococcus other than P. aurantiacus Williams, P. baliteus Lit, P. calceolariae (Maskell), P. comstocki (Kuwana), P. cryptus Hempel , P. dendrobiorum, P. elisae Borchsenius, P. jackbeardsleyi Gimpel & Miller, P. landoi (Balachowsky), P. longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti), P. lycopodii Beardsley, P. maritimus (Ehrhorn), P. microcirculus McKenzie, P. nakaharai Gimpel & Miller, P. odermatti Miller & Williams, P. philippinicus Williams, P. pithecellobii Gimpel & Miller, P. soleneydos Miller & Gimpel and P. viburni (Signoret) have been taken at U. S. ports-of-entry including: P. agavis MacGregor (Mexico, on Agave); P. apodemus Williams (The Philippines, on Fortunella and Mangifera); P. apomicrocirculus Gimpel and Miller (Mexico, on orchids); P. apoplanus Williams (India, on orchids); P. chenopodii Williams (Australia, on Brunia); P. concavocerarii James (Somalia, on Euphorbia); P. donrileyi Gimpel and Miller (Mexico, on Citrus; Puerto Rico, on Melicoccus); P. eucalypticus Williams (Australia, on Eucalyptus and Chamelaucium); P. gilbertensis Beardsley (Guam, on Dracaena; The Philippines, on Citrus); P. importatus McKenzie (Australia, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Madagascar, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, South Africa, Trinidad, and Venezuela, on orchids); P. neomaritimus Beardsley (Mexico, on Citrus, Psidium, and Punica); P. neomicrocirculus Gimpel and Miller (Costa Rica, Guatemala and Venezuela, on orchids); P. orchidicola Takahashi (Kwajalein, Marshall, Samoa, and Tonga, on Alocasia, Dendrobium and Pandanus); P. peregrinabundus Borchsenius (Ecuador, on Musa); P. saccharicola Takahashi (Vietnam, on Saccharum); P. sociabilis (Brazil, on Annona, Cattleya, Carica, Hedera, Hippeastrum, Dahlia, Oncidium, Solanum and Zygopetalum); and P. solomonensis Williams (Micronesia and Palau, on Musa and Piper).

Important references

Willia2004a; WangWu2010.

All references mentioned

Pseudococcus philippinicus