Family

Pseudococcidae

Catalog

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Common name

Oral-rim mealybug

Field characters

Occurring on the fruit and foliage of the host.

Validation characters

Translucent pores restricted to hind tibia; dorsal oral-rim tubular ducts present between cerarii 15 and 16; with or without oral-collar tubular ducts laterad of anterior spiracle; discoidal pores associated with eye, often with small rim; 16 or normally 17 pairs of cerarii; cerarii with auxiliary setae.

Comparison

Pseudococcus solenedyos is similar to P. donrileyi Gimpel & Miller by having translucent pores on hind tibia only, discoidal pores associated with eye, few or no oral collars laterad of anterior spiracles, 17 pairs of cerarii. Pseudococcus solenedyos can be distinguished (characters for P. donrileyi given in parentheses) by having long hind tibiae [319-405µ long] (277-333µ) and anal lobe setae [133-156µ long] (96-133µ).

U.S. quarantine notes

This species was intercepted at U. S. ports-of-entry 25 times between 1995 and 2012, with specimens originating from Chile, Colombia, and Mexico. We also have examined specimens taken in quarantine from Chile (Punica); Mexico (Citrus, Mangifera, Psidium, Punica. ScaleNet lists hosts in Anacardiaceae, Myrtaceae and Punicaceae. It is most commonly intercepted on pomegranate and citrus, and other fruits. ScaleNet distribution records for P. solenedyos include Mexico only. Several species of Pseudococcus other than P. aurantiacus Williams, P. baliteus Lit, P. calceolariae (Maskell), P. comstocki (Kuwana), P. cryptus Hempel , P. dendrobiorum, P. elisae Borchsenius, P. jackbeardsleyi Gimpel & Miller, P. landoi (Balachowsky), P. longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti), P. lycopodii Beardsley, P. maritimus (Ehrhorn), P. microcirculus McKenzie, P. nakaharai Gimpel & Miller, P. odermatti Miller & Williams, P. philippinicus Williams, P. pithecellobii Gimpel & Miller, P. soleneydos Miller & Gimpel and P. viburni (Signoret) have been taken at U. S. ports-of-entry including: P. agavis MacGregor (Mexico, on Agave); P. apodemus Williams (The Philippines, on Fortunella and Mangifera); P. apomicrocirculus Gimpel and Miller (Mexico, on orchids); P. apoplanus Williams (India, on orchids); P. chenopodii Williams (Australia, on Brunia); P. concavocerarii James (Somalia, on Euphorbia); P. donrileyi Gimpel and Miller (Mexico, on Citrus; Puerto Rico, on Melicoccus); P. eucalypticus Williams (Australia, on Eucalyptus and Chamelaucium); P. gilbertensis Beardsley (Guam, on Dracaena; The Philippines, on Citrus); P. importatus McKenzie (Australia, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Madagascar, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, South Africa, Trinidad, and Venezuela, on orchids); P. neomaritimus Beardsley (Mexico, on Citrus, Psidium, and Punica); P. neomicrocirculus Gimpel and Miller (Costa Rica, Guatemala and Venezuela, on orchids); P. orchidicola Takahashi (Kwajalein, Marshall, Samoa, and Tonga, on Alocasia, Dendrobium and Pandanus); P. peregrinabundus Borchsenius (Ecuador, on Musa); P. saccharicola Takahashi (Vietnam, on Saccharum); P. sociabilis (Brazil, on Annona, Cattleya, Carica, Hedera, Hippeastrum, Dahlia, Oncidium, Solanum and Zygopetalum); and P. solomonensis Williams (Micronesia and Palau, on Musa and Piper).

Important references

GimpelMi1996

All references mentioned

Pseudococcus solenedyos